August 28, 2012 § Leave a comment
Ghost town stands for a town or city that was abandoned once and forever. Why are there so many ghost towns in the world? Well, as the rule the places are abandoned for economic reasons. But there are can be other reasons as well. Among them are natural disasters (floods, fires), nuclear disasters and government actions sometimes. Once it was glorying and developing then it is forgotten and abandoned. Even though no one lives in a town it can still attract one’s attention. Thus many tourists visit such towns. Why so? Well, usually they are interested in history of the place, its development and decline. The most popular ghost towns in the United States and Canada are Bannack, Montana; Oatman, Arizona; Calico, California; Barkerville, British Columbia and some others.
Bannack was founded in the 19th century when it was a place of gold discovery. For some period of time the town was the center of Montana Territory. It was abandoned in the 1970s. The place is very remote. That’s one of the reasons why people left it.
Another ghost town appeared during discovery of gold is Bodie, California. It was founded in the 1850s. For some period of time the place was profitable and had a population of 7000 people. But by 1912 it had declined.
Calico was founded in the late 1880s and it was a mining town. The site was prosperous during silver discovery. But it declined sooner and was completely abandoned in 1907. Today it serves as a county park.
Barkerville, British Columbia, Canada was also a center of Gold Rush. The town was founded in 1862. By the beginning of the 20th century it became a ghost town. Nowadays it is preserved as a historic site.
As you can see usually towns are abandoned when the places are not profitable any more.